Transcriptomic analysis of ribosome biogenesis and pre-rRNA processing during growth stress in Entamoeba histolytica
Ribosome biogenesis, a multi-step process involving transcription, modification, folding and processing of rRNA, is the major consumer of cellular energy. It involves sequential assembly of ribosomal proteins (RP)s via more than 200 ribogenesis factors. Unlike model organisms where transcription of rRNA and RP genes slows down during stress, in Entamoeba histolytica, pre-rRNA synthesis continues, and unprocessed pre-rRNA accumulates. Northern hybridization from different spacer regions depicted the accumulation of unprocessed intermediates during stress. To gain insight into the vast repertoire of ribosome biogenesis factors and understand the major components playing role during stress we computationally identified ribosome biogenesis factors in E. histolytica. Of the ∼279 Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteins, we could only find 188 proteins in E. histolytica. Some of the proteins missing in E. histolytica were also missing in humans. A number of proteins represented by multiple genes in S. cerevisiae had a single copy in E. histolytica. Interestingly E. histolytica lacked mitochondrial ribosome biogenesis factors and had far less RNase components compared to S. cerevisiae. Transcriptomic studies revealed the differential regulation of ribosomal factors both in serum starved and RRP6 down-regulation conditions. These included the NEP1 and TSR3 proteins that chemically modify 18S-rRNA. Pre-rRNA precursors accumulate upon downregulation of the latter proteins in S. cerevisiae and humans. These data reveal the major factors that regulate pre-rRNA processing during stress in E. histolytica and provide the first complete repertoire of ribosome biogenesis factors in this early-branching protist.
|Publisher||Academic Press Inc.|