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Mechanical Deformation Accelerates Protein Ageing
J. Valle-Orero, J.A. Rivas-Pardo, R. Tapia-Rojo, I. Popa, D.J. Echelman, , J.M. Fernández
Published in Wiley-VCH Verlag
PMID: 28470663
Volume: 56
Issue: 33
Pages: 9741 - 9746
A hallmark of tissue ageing is the irreversible oxidative modification of its proteins. We show that single proteins, kept unfolded and extended by a mechanical force, undergo accelerated ageing in times scales of minutes to days. A protein forced to be continuously unfolded completely loses its ability to contract by folding, becoming a labile polymer. Ageing rates vary among different proteins, but in all cases they lose their mechanical integrity. Random oxidative modification of cryptic side chains exposed by mechanical unfolding can be slowed by the addition of antioxidants such as ascorbic acid, or accelerated by oxidants. By contrast, proteins kept in the folded state and probed over week-long experiments show greatly reduced rates of ageing. We demonstrate a novel approach whereby protein ageing can be greatly accelerated: the constant unfolding of a protein for hours to days is equivalent to decades of exposure to free radicals under physiological conditions. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
PublisherData powered by TypesetWiley-VCH Verlag